AKI is a syndrome that results in a sudden decrease in kidney function or kidney damage within a few hours or few days.
AKI is common in patients who are in the hospital especially in the elderly and those in intensive care units (ICU). AKI causes a build-up of waste products in your blood and makes it hard for your kidneys to keep a balance of fluid in your body. This can also affect other organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs.
AKI is found through simple blood and urine tests. AKI can lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD), or even kidney failure needing dialysis (end-stage kidney disease). It may also lead to heart disease or death. Even mild AKI or a seemingly “complete recovery” from AKI may have some short- and long-lasting health problems.